Anarchy Archives Very useful site with comprehensive
coverage of key anarchists and anarchist events. Hint: use the
navigation bar above each picture to access the online collected
works and publications, commentaries, bios. Includes micro sites
Kropotkin amongst others.
For jihadist, read
Article (Aug 2005) from The Economist. Looks at
19th century anarchism attacks and compares them
with the present. Useful survey of anarchist
Encyclopedia of Marxism
An excellent resource - divided into glossaries of people,
places, events, organizations, terms, and periodicals dealing
Marxist Dreams and Soviet Realities
An excellent essay from historian Ralph Raico (professor
of history at the State University College at Buffalo and a
senior fellow of the Institute for Humane Studies at George
Mason University) on the ideology of the Soviet Union.
Marxist Internet Archive
A vast collection of full-text works and references ranging from
the writings of Lenin to the Soviet Constitution. Includes a
Students section on Learning what Marxism is about.
Marx and Engels Collection
Very large collection of speeches
and writing. Set out chronologically from the Marx2Mao site.
Communist Manifesto The Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
classic, online in full.
A History of the Bolshevik Party
by Alan Woods Monumental online book published by welred.
However, detailed and clear index on this page makes dipping in
& out easy.
The Museum of Communism.
An anti communist site set up by the University of George Mason,
Virginia. It does have interesting entries on:
Impact of World War 1
February/March & the Provisional Govt.
The Interregnum -
Russian Revolution Written by Philip E. Mosley, this is a
long and detailed lecture on the Russian Revolution of 1917, and
the events that followed. It ends with a brief examination of
the Civil War of 1918 – 1920, and the creation of the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics in 1922.
Lenin's April Theses (1917)
As published in Pravda, No. 26, 7 April 1917. From
the History Guide.
The Soviet and Revolution
By Professor Gerhard Rempel
at Western New England College from his
Lectures on Russian/Soviet history. Good for background
Factory committees in the Russian
Revolution Essay by
Ray Cunningham, presented 1995 to
the Irish Workers Solidarity Movement.
A Guide to Electoral Behaviour in
Revolutionary Russia This site
gives the result of various elections held in Russian during
1917/19, in several forms of statistical chart (pie, bar graph
etc.). Although the information is certainly specialist, and
there is no explanation as to what each party stands for, you
can draw some interesting conclusions about Bolshevik support
4. 1917: Documents, Essays & Biographies
aspects of 1917
Who's Who: Grand Duke Mikhail Background to the Tsar for a
day... Bio from First World War.com
Who's Who: Alexander Kerenski. Bio from First World War.com
Aleksandr Fedorovich Kerensky Bio from the Russian
international TV news channel RT Russia of the Chairing Minister
of the Provisional Government, author of memoirs, historic
research and a compiler and editor of documentary works on the
history of the Russian Revolution.
Alexander Kerensky Alexander Kerensky from Spartacus site
with primary sources and good cross links in support. NB
Remember to scroll down the page: the content is below the ad!!.
Who's Who: Lavr Kornilov Another excellent biography from
First World War.com
Russian Revolutionaries Very Extensive listing from
‘Revolutionary Silhouettes’ Written by Anatoly Vasilievich
Lunacharsky in 1923, these are a series of accounts dealing with
leading figures of the revolution, including Lenin and Trotsky.
Lunacharsky, who was a member of the USSR’s first government,
knew these people personally, and each silhouette is a mixture
of biography, reminiscence and examination.
Witness Accounts and evaluations
The following are complete books,
and placed on the web. All are by writers sympathetic at the time to
the general need for change, although it is clear from several that
their ideas were changing in the years following the revolution.
Foreign Witnesses of the Revolution period
Extracts from the Spartacus site
Blood Stained Russia Captain Donald Thompson was sent to
cover the Russian front in WWI for a US audience. He arrived in
February 1917 and had rare opportunity to document a revolution
in pictures and personal experiences. This links to the 1918
book & pictures taken.
Ten Days that Shook the World, John Reed
October 16-25,1917: In this classic
book on the revolution, U.S. reporter John Reed describes the
ten days leading up to the Russian Revolution; ten days that
forever changed the path of workers' revolutions and aspirations
Twenty Years in Underground Russia: Memoirs
of a Rank-and-File Bolshevik,
Cecilia Bobrovskaya 1905-15:
Bobrovskaya recollects her radicalization as a young worker in
Warsaw, and her years of underground work in Europe and Russia
until the time of the first World War. It includes her brushes
with Marxists such as Lenin, Krupskaya and Zasulich, her many
arrests and imprisonments, events surrounding the 1905 struggle,
and the difficulties in printing illegal papers and getting
information to the workers.
Six Red Months in Russia: An Observer's
Account of Russia Before and During the Proletarian Dictatorship,
Louise Bryant 1918: American journalist and historian
chronicles the Soviet Revolution from the ground up, detailing
events that both moved the nation, and those that changed
families, the new role of women in society, and the lives of
An Ambassadors Memoirs,
by Maurice Paléologue (Last French Ambassador to the Russian
Court). published 1920. Monumental opus online going up to May
1917. Use this (detailed) index page
See also the "Witness
Accounts & Evaluations" in the casahistoria
site for similar books covering the period up to the death
6. The end
of the Romanovs
Finding the Romanov Remains Excerpts
from a TV interview in 1989 and published before the remains
were exhumed. Writer Geli Ryabov describes that he had found
what he believed are the remains of the Russian Imperial Family;
Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra and their five children, along
with four servants.
Burying the Tsar and his family
A BBC TV news report on the controversy in 1997 over the
supposed location of the remains of the royal family and the
complications of burying an abdicated Tsar. It gives an insight
into the way the past still haunts the present.
Royal Funeral Background from the Canadian CBC about the
tsar's DNA, remains, and burial. Excellent links to the
controversy over the remains.
Amateurs Unravel Russia’s Last Royal Mystery. New York Times
article (Nov 2007) on how the remains of the last two Romanovs,
Anastasia & Alexey were found.
Final DNA report on the Romanov Remains For the technically
minded: this is the full scientific report from 2009 based on
DNA testing of two of the bodies in 2007.
7. General link sites to the period
to documentary evidence
From the Library of Congress Country Studies . Uncited, but
clear, concise and thorough description of the key stages, both
before and after the events of 1917. Well presented.
- The Russian Revolution
This is a good place to start. It has many links to sites on
the background and events of the Revolution. A useful collection
of annotated links to other sites relating to the Russian
Revolution. It is very suitable for IB Level.
NB! The red background to the site will
drive you mad if you look at it too long...
Russian Studies on the Internet
A very thorough, and quite academic listing of sites relevant to
Russian History. For serious casahistorians in particular, but
difficult to navigate.
History of the Russian Revolution, The
- complete three-volume work by Leon Trotsky in HTML and PDF
Chronology of Russian History: Soviet
Period A well presented
university site, looking at the grand sweep of Russian/Soviet
history from a chronological position. Good linked access to
documents such as Tsar´s abdication letter, Order No 1, April
Photographs of the Russian Empire
A collection of photographs of Imperial Russia from the archives
of the University of California Riverside. It gives an
interesting picture of Russia in the period 1890-1920.
History of the Soviet Union
This website of translated documents by the Univ of East Anglia
is designed to give students easy access to a wide selection of
sources on Russian history translated into English and available
Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Russian
Revolution Key Documents on the
PLP translations: an enormous
number of books/documents translated by Computer Based Learning
Unit, University of Leeds. This links to the enormous index.
Good for browsing for sample documents - but you need a general
idea of what/who you are looking for as the index is author
based, not thematic
People's Century: Red Flag
- companion website to a PBS series on the Russian Revolution.
Not the easiest site to navigate but includes interviews with
participants and eyewitnesses to the rise of the Soviet State.
For extensive links to the events of
Lenin's Russia go to the casahistoria
Lenin´s Russia site
the casahistoria Russia/USSR core sites:
Stalin: Economics & Terror, 1927-41