stalin: economics and the terror   

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Browse down the page or just click one of these sections.... 
1. Economy, 1927-41: Overview
2. Collectivisation:
The Impact | Ukraine Famine 1932-3
3. Industry: 5 Year Plans
4. The Terror:
What it was | Show Trials | Gulags
See our main Stalin site for:
        (click a section to go directly there:)
1. Stalin: Background & rise to power
2. The Stalinist state:
3. Cultural Policy
4. Death of Stalin
5. General sites
6. Women (separate site)
Other core casahistoria Russia/USSR pages:

Background to Revolution
1917 Revolutions
Lenin´s Russia
Stalin's Russia 1927-39

  Related casahistoria sites
Single Party States · Ideologies of left & right ·



casahistoria is recommended by many sites including:




Stalin's Russia For extensive links to Stalin's rise to power and the Stalin state, go to this casahistoria page.

1. Economics: 1927-41: Overview  
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2. Collectivisation
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What happened: The Impact: Ukraine Famine, 1932-3 Government response to famine



3. The 5 Year Plans
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What happened:   The Impact:
  • The Economics of forced labor: The Soviet Gulag Paul R. Gregory and Valery Lazareva. A collection of studies that elucidate the internal mechanisms of the Gulag-system, making use of Soviet archival materials. Full-text PDF versions of each chapter can be accessed by clicking on the desired chapter title.   §
        Stakhanovite Movement:
  • Aleksei Grigor'evich Stakhanov A brief biography  §
  • Alexey Stakhanov Brief bio of the Soviet miner propelled to stardom as part of a movement to boost worker productivity and prove the superiority of the socialist economic system. From the Russian international TV news channel RT Russia
  • Stalinist Laws to Tighten "Labor Discipline," 1938-1940  Largely based on  Donald Filtzer, Soviet Workers and Stalinist industrialization, Pluto Press, London, 1986; Though a socialist who wrote favorably of Russia's October (Bolshevik) Revolution (1917), Filtzer is strongly anti-Stalinist. Links to actual documents  §
  • Stalinism as a Way of Life  Image gallery of the Stakhanovites produced under the direction of VP Yefanov for the Soviet pavilion at the New York World's Fair of 1939. See the Stakhanovites, aviators, scientists ... Excellent, but takes a while to load. Co-edited by Lewis Siegelbaum and Andrei Sokolov
  • Year of the Stakhanovite Has many interesting images/details not found elsewhere.


4. The Terror 

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What it was
  • NKVD; Secret Police; Great Purges; Soviet Gulags; Workers' Opposition from Spartacus educational Site. Excellent introductory sections for an overview linked to documents
  • Lavrentiy Beria Bio of Stalin’s secret police chief from the Russian international TV news channel RT Russia
  • Repression and Terror: Kirov Murder and Purges - Brief but clear account from the Russian Archives of the US Library of Congress
  • Modern History Sourcebook - Stalin's Purges, 1935 An official Soviet era explanation of the arrest and execution of thousands of perceived enemies of the state.
  • The Purge Presentation by Professor Gerhard Rempel, Western New England College.
  • 1934 Criminal Code of the RSFSR Article on the working of the law with links to actual sections
  • The Secret Police A clear website devoted to the Gulags and the Terror but very slow to load.
  • "Purges and Hysteria in the Soviet Union" Account by by Frank E. Smitha, 1998
  • Another View of Stalin - The Great Purge The Purges as seen by committed Stalinist, Ludo Martens, a Belgian historian noted for his work on the Soviet Union. Starts at page 109 of this section of the book which begins on page 101 of the book.
  • "Life Is Not Easy, Damn It!"  Stepan Podlubnyi (1914- ), born in Ukraine to wealthy peasants. After 1917 his father was stripped of all but a part of his land because of his "kulak" origins. From 1932 Podlubnyi was an informer for the Secret Police. In this passage, he recalls the year 1937, the beginning of the Great Terror in the Soviet Union, and the arrest of Podlubnyi's mother. From the Mosaic site. §
  • The Short Course The official line of Stalin in justifying the Purges. This is the official explanation from textbooks published before Stalin's excesses were repudiated by his successors. From Goucher College.
  • Nightmare in the workers paradise Useful concise & illustrated BBC article by Tim Tzouliadis Author, of The Forsaken, outlining the story of the 100,000 US citizens who emigrated to the USSR in the 1930’s but then became victims of the Stalin terror, receiving little/no support from the US.
          Numbers involved:           Stalin Documents:              Trotsky Documents: Show trials
  • And they all confessed ... Interesting account of the key trials by Gudrun Persson, Historian. She writes articles about Russia in the Swedish press.
  • Last Plea of N.I. Bukharin, from  ”Report of Court Proceedings in the Case of the Anti-Soviet ’Bloc of Rights and Trotskyites’ heard before the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the U.S.S.R., Moscow, March 2-13, 1938” (Publ. People’s Commissariat of Justice of the U.S.S.R., Moscow, 1938).

  • Forced Labor Camps On-line Exhibition By the Open Society Archives. Excellent details on the Gulag system. Very clear and straightforward.
  • Soviet Archives Exhibit - The Gulag  another brief but clear account from the Russian Archives of the US Library of Congress
  • Gulag: Many Days, Many Lives presents an in-depth look at life in the Gulag through exhibits featuring original documentaries and prisoner voices; an archive filled with documents and images; and teaching and bibliographic resources that encourage further study. Visitors also are encouraged to reflect and share their thoughts about the Gulag system.
  • Kolyma: Former inmate of this Siberian prison camp from Stalin's reign describes the Gold mine and the people who lived there. Includes photos.
  • Stalin's Great Terror: Origins and Consequences lecture by Prof Rogovin, Univ of Melbourne, 1996, from World Socialist Web Site. Places Terror in an international and contemporary context. The Terror seen in what is probably best described as a post-communist revisionist style by a left winger......
  • How times change: Gulag just the ticket for Russian tourists  From the Australian newspaper, "The Age", July 2004.
Comparison of Nazi & Soviet Terror



the casahistoria Russia/USSR core sites:
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  Background to Revolution
1917 Revolutions
  Lenin´s Russia  
  Stalin's Russia 1927-39
  Stalin: Economics & Terror, 1927-41  



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