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a casahistoria guide

Table of comparisons between totalitarian states:


Poster: Stalin and HitlerShortcut to comparisons:    

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  The Left 

   

 

  The Right 

Govt & opposition

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stalin

  Lenin

Castro

Peron

Mussolini 

Hitler

  • Gen Sec of Party Controls Party and  govt after Lenins death

  • Elimination of rivals in   power  struggle 

  • Lenin´s secret police   continued:   OGPU=NKVD=KGB

  • Strict control within 5   Yr Plans,  kulaks,    collectivisation, MTS   dependency, Gulags

  • Purges: Great purge,  post WW2  purge,  Doctors Purge Cult of personality to   increase dominance

  • Closure of Constituent  Assembly Jan 1918

  • Bolsheviks dominate  Council of Peoples Commissars. Only    Mensheviks & Left SR´s tolerated. 

  • Party leaders purged  from other parties after Terror following 1918 assass  attempt

  • CHEKA set up

  • War Communism placed strict control over peasants  especially  

  • Trotsky’s military  discipline of Civil war  very strict

  • Triumvirate         (Castro i/c)

  • Old parties abolished

  • TU’s directly controlled

  • CDR´s

  • Revolutionary courts

  • Castro takes over Pres &  PM roles

  • Matos jailed

  • Foreign opp: US/nationalisation/Bay of  Pigs

 

 

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  • Control of lower house:  2/3 law
  • Senate controlled by  election victory
  • Winning coalition    replaced  by    Partido Peronista   controlled by Peron
  • Control of organised  labour (Luis Gay, welfarism, CGT  control)
  • Post 1948:Radicals imprisoned    
  • post desacato laws     
  • Tighter control by      corporations
  • Acerbo Law
  • ‘24, death of Matteoti
  • ’25 opposition closed
  • local govt under Fascists
  • ’26 rule by decree
  • ’28 Fascist Grand Council to choose head of state
  • ’34 Enabling Act
  • TU’s/strikes banned
  • local police taken over
  • political parties banned
  • SA Night of Long  Knives
  • ’34 army oath
  • Gestapo
  • Camps
  • Opposition   limited 

Press:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stalin

  Lenin

Castro

Peron

Mussolini 

Hitler

  • Lenin´s press control continued.

  • Cult of individual

  •  
  • 1917 Decree on Press banning all non Bolsh papers
  • Press controlled by CP T Unions

  • Limited (or none) contact with US

  • La Prensa CGT
  • Paper rationed
  • Radios purchased by supporters
  • desacato contempt laws
  • papers controlled/Corriera
  • careful press image
  • local authorities could suppress press

 

  • Papers controlled
  • Nazi’s to approve authors
  • Jewish books banned
  • radio under nazi control
  • Goebbels i/c propaganda

Education & Youth:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stalin

  Lenin

Castro

Peron

Mussolini 

Hitler

  • Education strictly controlled

  • Education for the needs of the state: science, engineering, intellectuals controlled: Lysenko 

  • Social realism in Art.

  •  
  • Religious schools closed
  • Free ed for all

  • More higher ed

  • Youth education programmes

 

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  • Opposition schools closed
  • University profs dismissed
  • Corporations to control ed.

 

  • Ballila

  • school books changed

 

  • Hitler youth
  • school books changed
  • lessons changed
  • teachers dismissed
  • Social realism in Art

Women:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stalin

  Lenin

Castro

Peron

Mussolini 

Hitler

  • Women encouraged to work

  • Family discipline encouraged

 

  • Equality programme

  • Back to work/creches/

  • shopping bag

  • Legal equality/Family code

  • Single parent support

  • 1947 female suffrage

  • E Peron: charisma and E Peron    Foundation win support

  • Welfare Benefits

  • battle of births

  • fines on batchelors

  • prizes for large families

 

  • 3K’s

  • mother medals

  • no total war

Legal System:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stalin

  Lenin

Castro

Peron

Mussolini 

Hitler

  • Legal system controlled through   appointment of judges.

  • Show trials

 

  • Castro appoints judges

 

  • 1947 Supreme Court replaced

 
  • Judges swear oath to Hitler

Church:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stalin

  Lenin

Castro

Peron

Mussolini 

Hitler

  • Lenin´s anti church policy continued

  • Church removed from marriage and education

  • Church schools nationalised

 

 

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  • Religious education legalised in schools, wins support initially. But RC become the crucial final source of opposition

  • ’29 Lateran Treaty

  • Papal concordat

  • Jewish culture banned

  • Church put under nazi control - limited resistance

Sports:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stalin

  Lenin

Castro

Peron

Mussolini 

Hitler

 

 

  • Focus on Olympic effort

  • Olympic success

 

 

  • Boxing: official Fascist sport

  • Tennis: blackshirts

  • Football: chief referee

  • ’36 Olympics to show off Aryans

Economy:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stalin

  Lenin

Castro

Peron

Mussolini 

Hitler

  • Self sufficiency for security

  • 5Yr Plans=Strict central control of   industry & agriculture through   collectivisation

  • Strict control of economy through war Communism

  • NEP = relaxation, but heavy industry still   controlled from Moscow

Aims:

  •  to break monoculture        

  • to industrialise

  • Economic Independence

  • Nationalisation

  • IAPI

  • Control of labour

  • Battles of Lire, Grain

  • Public works: autostrada

  • marsh drainage

  • public works: autobahns,

  •  rearming, 

  • autarky (self sufficiency)

See above re unions

Racial policy:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stalin

  Lenin

Castro

Peron

Mussolini 

Hitler

  • Deportation of minorities during and after WW2

  • 1923 Constitution gives rights to different races

  • Equality programme to assist blacks through education.

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  • Evidence of support for escaped Nazi’s

  • Little support for racial discrimination. When done is to please Hitler. Little support in Italy & is halted

  • Persecution of Jews and other racial minorities.

  • Final Solution

                                                                                                                                                                                          

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