iraq, hussein, the west and the gulf wars   

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See also part 1 of the Iraq site:
The British in Mesopotamia/Iraq
 
 
1. Independence
2. Saddam Hussein & the west
Biographies | Wars before 1990 | Repression | US support for Saddam Hussein
3. The Gulf War of 1990-91 & aftermath
Origins | The War | Oil for Food & Sanctions | Continued US-Iraq tension
4. Invasion & occupation of Iraq, 2002-9  
Causes & Motives | Events | Casualties | Keeping up to date
5. Analysis
6. Key resources and sites

 
 





The casahistoria core Middle East pages:
 
  British Mandate in Palestine
  The Arab Israeli conflict, 1947-78  
  The British in Mesopotamia/Iraq
  Iraq, Hussein, the West & War





 

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1. Independence

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  See the casahistoria site The British in Mesopotamia/Iraq for links to 20th century events before independence


General background to the internal politics of the period





  







2. Saddam Hussein
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Biographies Wars before 1990 Repression
  • The Iraqi Government Assault on the Marsh Arabs A Human Rights Watch Briefing Paper, Jan 2003. Numbering some 250,000 people as recently as 1991, the Marsh Arabs today are believed to number fewer than 40,000 in their ancestral homeland. Many were arrested, "disappeared," or executed; most have become refugees abroad or are internally displaced in Iraq as a result of the policies of the Saddam regime
  • Iraq's 'devastated' Marsh Arabs Clear and concise account of the repression by Heather Sharp, BBC News Online
  • Marsh Arabs From Environmental Literacy Council. Good links placing the Marsh Arabs in an environmental context
  • The Kurds Excellent set of links from PBS, covering Kurdish Nationalism, Kurds in Iraq, Iraq After Saddam, Media links
  • Anfal: The Kurdish Genocide in Iraq History and a bibliographic essay on the Iraq-Kurd relationship by Khaled Salih, Gvteborgs Universitet   §
  • The Mass Graves of al-Mahawil: The Truth Uncovered Tells the story of the mass graves around al-Hilla. It identifies these victims of a coordinated campaign of repression, arrests, and executions carried out by the Iraqi government in the aftermath of the failed Shi`a uprising in 1991
US Support for Saddam Hussein




  


 


   
3. The Gulf War of 1990-91 & aftermath 

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Origins The War Oil for Food & Sanctions Continued US - Iraq Tension 1992-2002

 


  






4. Invasion & occupation of Iraq, 2002 - 2009

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Causes & Motives

     Oil? 
  • Is this war all about oil? By Anthony Sampson, The Evening Standard (London), March 2003. Looks backwards in Iraq's relations with US & UK over oil to conclude that oil was a key factor
  • Over a barrel Tom Cholmondeley looks at the role of oil and who could benefit in the US. November, 2002 The Guardian
     Weapons of Mass Destruction - WMD's?      What Else? Events Casualties
  • Casualties in Iraq US and civilian casualties, updated constantly. Provided by researchers of antiwar.com, division of the US Randolph Bourne Institute
  • Iraq Body Count A project which maintains the world’s largest public database of violent civilian deaths during and since the 2003 invasion. The count encompasses non-combatants killed by military or paramilitary action and the breakdown in civil security following the invasion. Data is drawn from cross-checked media reports, hospital, morgue, NGO and official figures to produce a credible record of known deaths and incidents.
  • Iraq's Toll 2003-6 These detailed charts from the Wall Street Journal examine the collective face of the US and allied military who died in Iraq, from the invasion in 2003 up to March, 2006.
  • To keep updated the following sites offer reports and analysis in the light of current developments:
Keep up to date with:




  






5. Analysis

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6. Key Resources

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  See the casahistoria site The British in Mesopotamia/Iraq for resources and links to 20th century events before independence








The casahistoria core Middle East pages:


    British Mandate in Palestine
    The Arab Israeli conflict, 1947-78  
    The British in Mesopotamia/Iraq
    Iraq, Hussein, the West & War



  



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