korean war: this page has links to the background & events of the korean war, 1950-53  

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Browse down the page or just click one of these sections.... 
  
1. The Korean War: Background Causes   
1945, Division of North & South Korea | 1949, Communist Victory in China | 1949, USSR explodes atomic bomb | McCarthy Red Scare Trials | Korean War as part of US - USSR Cold War rivalry
2. The Military Events, 1950-53
General Accounts & Articles | Detailed campaign outlines | The Air War | The Sea War
3. Individual UN forces & Oral Accounts
US | UK | Australian | Canadian
4. The Communist Forces
5. Impact on civilians
6. Consequences for the Future
Division continues | SEATO & IndoChina
7. Documents, Images & Film
8. General Sites on the Cold War
 
 
Other core casahistoria Cold War pages:
 
 
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Origins of the Cold War go to the casahistoria sit for extensive links to the start of the Cold war  

 

1. The Korean War: Background Causes

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1945, The Division of North & South Korea 1949, Communist Victory in China
Mao & the Chinese Revolution Go to the casahistoria site for extensive links
1949, USSR explodes atomic bomb
Weapons of the Cold War For extensive casahistoria links to the development of the US atomic bomb and its civilian impact

 

McCarthy Red Scare Trials The Korean War as part of US - USSR Cold War rivalry
  • The United States Enters the Korean Conflict Clear account of the events leading to the US involvement, viewed from a global Cold War perspective. Published in the US Journal of the National Council for the Social Studies).
  • NSC-68. Full text of the 1950 US Foreign Policy Document, NSC-68, which was based on the premise that first, the Soviets were trying to impose absolute authority over the world and second, that the United States had to face that challenge, meaning no more appeasement and no more isolation. NSC-68 raised defense spending immediately
  • The Origins of the Korean War An Interpretation from the Soviet Archives Based on recently declassified Soviet archives, the article was originally presented by Dr. Evgeni Bajanov (Director of the Institute for Contemporary International Problems, Russian Foreign Ministry) to a conference on  The Korean War in 1995, Georgetown Univ., Washington.
  • Soviet Involvement in the Korean War: A New View from the Soviet-era Archives Very useful article argues that the Soviet Union, unable to commit itself in Eastern Europe and East Asia, instead increased the combat capacity of China through technology transfer and limited commitment of combat forces, so extending the ability of the north to fight. Stalin's death was thus a crucial factor in ending the fighting. 2000 article by Mark O’Neill for the Organization of American Historians. §
  • Soviet Aims In Korea And The Origins Of The Korean War, 1945-1950: New Evidence From Russian Archives. Long but valuable 1993 essay published by Woodrow Wilson International Center For Scholars. Argues that that it was Soviet weakness that drove Stalin to support the attack on South Korea, not the unrestrained expansionism imagined by the authors of NSC-68. The North Korean invasion of the South was not the result of Soviet determination to expand the territory under its control, nor the opening salvo in a broader Soviet attack on the American sphere of influence. Instead, the Soviet Union sought to protect its strategic and economic interests through the traditional Tsarist approach of maintaining a balance of power in Korea. However, in the context of the postwar Soviet-American involvement on the peninsula, such a balance could only be maintained by prolonging the division of the country, retaining effective control over the northern half. By Kathryn Weathersby, Florida State University
  • The Sino-Soviet Alliance And China’s Entry Into The Korean War Lengthy academic paper that uses newly opened archives to examine (1) the making of the Sino-Soviet Alliance, (2) the Sino-Soviet connection with the outbreak of the Korean War, and (3) contacts between China and the Soviet Union during the days when the CCP leadership made the final decision to enter the Korean War. By CHEN JIAN, State Univ of New York
  • Why Did Truman Really Fire MacArthur? ... The Obscure History of Nuclear Weapons and the Korean War Provides the Answer Interesting 2005 article from History News Network by Bruce Cumings, author of 'North Korea: Another Country'

 

  

 

 

2. The Military Events, 1950-53

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General Accounts & Articles Detailed campaign outlines:

    Outbreak of war  
   Entry of China
  • The Chinese Intervention 3 November 1950-24 January 1951 Detailed account by US Center of Military history supported by excellent maps and photos.
  • Restoring the Balance 25 January-8 July 1951 Detailed account by US Center of Military history supported by excellent maps and photos.
  • Ebb and Flow from China's entry to July 1951. Begins with the last weeks of the UN rush to the Chinese border and goes on to describe in great detail the test of American military leadership and resources posed by the taxing retreat of the Eighth Army and X Corps across the frozen wastes of North Korea. It also examines the special problems posed to a fighting army during the deadly months of stalemate in the summer of 1951. By Billy Mossman for U.S. Army Center of Military History
  • The New War Detailed history from U.S. Army Center of Military History (extracted from The United States Army In A Global Era, 1917-2003 by Richard W. Stewart).
    Stalemate and Truce
  • The Korean War armistice BBC outline of the armistice on its 50th anniversary. Concise and clear with maps.
  • Years of Stalemate July 1951- July 1953 Detailed account by US Center of Military history supported by excellent maps and photos.
  • Truce Tent and Fighting Front Covers the last two years in the Korean War and treats the seemingly interminable armistice negotiations and the violent but sporadic fighting at the front. Detailed history By Walter E Hermes  from U.S. Army Center of Military History
  • The Static War & The Aftermath Detailed history from U.S. Army Center of Military History (extracted from The United States Army In A Global Era, 1917-2003 by Richard W. Stewart).
The Air War
  • The Rise of the Helicopter During the Korean War 2007 article looks at the emergence of the helicopter as a key tool of war. In Aviation History by Otto Kreisher 
  • MiG Alley:
  • MiG Madness: The Air War over Korea Looks at how some US pilots reacted to the MiG jet threat: both bravery & recklessness. By Lt. Col. Lawrence Spinetta, 2008, Aviation History Magazine
  • The Boeing B-29 Superfortress Served Throughout the Air War B-29s flew 1,076 days during the 1,106-day air war in Korea, dropping 160,000 tons of bombs on Communist targets–a greater bomb tonnage than had been dropped on Japan during World War II. This details their involvement (including examining suitability for a possible atomic role).  By George Larson ,  1998 Military History.
  • Soviet Air Aces of the Korean War by Igor N. Gordelianow The Soviet Union evaded direct involvement in the Korean War but an article in the Sept-Oct 1994 issue of Command magazine and the TV series "Wings of the Red Star" indicates that the soviet 64th Fighter Aviation Corps was sent to fight in Korea in Nov 1950. They performed very well, shooting down over 1,300 UN aircraft of all types while losing only 345 of their own. This article highlights that success.
  • Yevgeni Pepelyayev: A Red Predator over "MiG Alley" Further detail and images of Soviet airmen in an article by Diego Fernando Zampini
  • A New Era in Aerial Warfare Began During the Korean War Very detailed and useful description of the air war by Ricardo Bonalume Neto, Brazilian journalist writing for the daily newspaper Fulha de S'o Paulo of S'o Paulo, as a science reporter. In Historynet.com
War at Sea


   

 

  

 


3. Individual UN forces & Oral Accounts

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  • The Korean War Links to detailed histories of the forces sent by many of the United Nations member states that participated in the conflict in Korea. Many contain links to their country's official Veteran sites.
US forces
  • The Korean War Web Ring aims to link all web sites that deal with The War in Korea, 1950-1953 but has a focus on veteran sites and stories.
  • Facts and texts on the War Useful private site with sections on history of conflict and interesting data (but sources not always credited) by Paul Noll who appeared to serve in the US Army 581st Signal Radio Relay Company in Korea, such as  
  • Korean War Documentary Large and useful resource from Bert Kortegaard. A private US veterans site has sections (most are clearly credited, often with footnotes for specific sources used) on
  • US twins split by Korean War BBC 2003 item looks at the the grim position of prisoners of war during the conflict
  • Atrocities against Americans in the Korean War Looks at actions of north Koreans & chinese against US forces. The site cites its sources but users should note what it says on its home page:  "includes information about the Korean War from the perspective of U.S. veterans who were involved in the war effort, as well as American families who lost loved ones in Korea. For the communist viewpoint of the war, our viewers will have to look elsewhere on the World Wide Web"
     Oral accounts UK Troops      Oral accounts Australian Troops       Oral accounts
  • Korea Remembered Recollections and reminiscences of some of the seventeen thousand Australian military personnel who served in the Korean War.
Canadian Forces

 



   

 

 




4. The Communist Forces.
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  • The Korean War Useful data and information from the extensive Paul Noll veteran site. Unfortunately the sources of the items are not always cited.
  • Communist Military Leaders in the Korean War
  • North Korea People's Army Forces as of June 1950
  • Soviet Air Aces of the Korean War by Igor N. Gordelianow The Soviet Union evaded direct involvement in the Korean War but an article in the Sept-Oct 1994 issue of Command magazine and the TV series "Wings of the Red Star" indicates that the soviet 64th Fighter Aviation Corps was sent to fight in Korea in Nov 1950. They performed very well, shooting down over 1,300 UN aircraft of all types while losing only 345 of their own. This article highlights that success.
  • The lonely Korean War veteran 2003 article by Kevin Sim, BBC, on 70-year-old Park Jong-lin who did not fight to repel communism like the others but who served in the North Korean army fighting against the "imperialist American aggressors" and their South Korean allies
China

 

 

  







5. Impact of the War on Civilians 

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6. Consequences for the Future

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Division continues

     North Korea      South Korea Hardening of Cold War in South East Asia
French Indo Chinese War For extensive links to the French war in Indo China and growing US support for the French go to this cashistoria site.
Vietnam War For extensive links to the US involvement in Vietnam after the Korean War go to this cashistoria site

 

  • The Korean War Looks at the lessons of the war for the conflicts that followed.  2010 article for UK Independent by Rupert Cornwell

 





  



   

7. Documents, Images & Film

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Documents Images Sounds
  • Songs of The Korean War Lyrics of three popular singles from the time, each with background notes to fit them to the war context.
Cinema
  • Missing action: POW films, brainwashing and the Korean War looks at how Hollywood dealt with the Korean War.   Useful article by Charles S. Young for the Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television March, 1998
  • M*A*S*H  History of the TV series set in the 4077th mobile army surgical hospital unit. From the US Museum of Broadcast Communications examines the historiacl context that produced the book /film/TV series - Vietnam rather than the Korea in which it is set.
  • Korea's real M*A*S*H doctors Interesting 2003 article for the BBC by Sarah Buckley where she traces the real Korean War MASH medics




  


 




8.General Sites on the Cold War  

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  • Cold War Basic outlines of key events from Spartacus Educational. Good place to make a start and includes
  • Cold War Figures - biographies of major figures from this time period.
  • Cold War Excellent school resource for students beginning to look at the Cold War
  • NATO Declassified Interesting site by NATO itself. Includes timelines, straightforward accounts of key stages in the NATO & the Cold War, documents, videos
  • The Cold War International History Project (CWIHP) Useful site presenting new information and perspectives on the history of the Cold War, in particular new findings from previously inaccessible sources from the former Communist world.
  • Vint Hill Cold War Museum Useful online museum that is easy to use with links to virtual exhibits, overview articles, photo galleries, documents, newsletters and many other collections of cold war related material set out clearly by decade.
  • BBC - History: Cold War a series of articles on key aspects of the Cold War from the BBC educational site.

  

Documents
  • The Cold War Files Very good site produced by Wilson Center for Peace for interpreting history of the Cold War through Documents. Includes clear overview items on events and bios on key figures.
  • European Navigator Useful topic documents (speeches/actual agreements/ newspaper articles & images on the post 1945 period from a west European perspective. Use the " historical  events" folder on the left to find your area of study. Well produced by the European Community.
  • Avalon Project at Yale Excellent range of documents from the 20th Century Documents : 1900 - 1999 list
  • The CAESAR, POLO, and ESAU Papers This thorough collection of declassified analytic monographs and reference aids, designated within the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Directorate of Intelligence (DI) as the CAESAR, ESAU, and POLO series, highlights the CIA's efforts from the 1950s through the mid-1970s to pursue in-depth research on Soviet and Chinese internal politics and Sino-Soviet relations. The documents reflect the views of seasoned analysts who had followed closely their special areas of research and whose views were shaped in often heated debate.
  • Presidential Nuclear Policies & Events Useful selected documents on US Presidential policy towards nuclear weapons from Nuclear power Peace Foundation:
  • Harry Truman | Dwight Eisenhower | John Kennedy | Lyndon Johnson | Richard Nixon Gerald Ford | Jimmy Carter | Ronald Reagan | George H. W. Bush
News

 




the casahistoria Cold War sites:  


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Origins of the Cold War
Divided Germany, 1945-49
Korean War
Thaw to Cuban Missile Crisis

Space Race
Vietnam War
SALT, Detente and Collapse




  



  



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