Go to the casahistoria imperialism home site for sections on
the Theory & Practice of imperialism; Continental European
Imperialism; The European experience in Africa; Gunboat
1. The Native
- Click on a thumbnail to find out about the colonial work being done.
Petition of the Chiefs of Brass Regarding Trade on the Niger, 1877
Native views from the colonial period are very rare. This gives a rare
The Black Man's Burden Edward Morel, the British anti slavery campaigner in the Belgian
Congo, drew attention to the abuses of imperialism in 1903. The Congo was
perhaps the most famously exploitative of the European colonies.
Imperialism and decolonisation detailed casahistoria netguide article (19 pages) based on a variety
of web sources. For more casahistoria netguide revision go to
in the young casahistoria section.
Daily Life in Sierra Leone: The Sherbro in 1936-37 Exhibit of photographs with full contextual descriptions taken by
Henry Usher Hall in 1936-37 during an ethnographic research trip to Sierra
Leone. The photographic images presented here have been selected from
a larger collection of photographs and records in the
of Pennsylvania Museum Archives and give a good insight into life in an
African colony during British rule. The Archives include a broad selection
of papers devoted to ethnographic and linguistic research in Africa, as well
as photographs, films, maps, drawings, and tape recordings.
Colonial Kenya Missionary Laura Collins took these photos in the early 20th century.
She worked as a missionary in Kenya for 45 years, until 1952.
BBC audio report (about 10mins) piecing
together the life of an African woman brought to Britain in 1929 in
Newcastle in 1929 an exhibition was designed to show the world what the
region had to offer and entertainment for the local population. In the
amusement area an African village was set up, peopled with men and women
brought over from Algeria. A 28-year-old woman, Zuza and her husband and
baby son were among them. Zuza died soon after her arrival and was buried
in an unmarked grave in Jesmond. Lesley Gibson talks to researcher Lloyd
Gibson about the forgotten history of the young woman and talks to those who
still remember the African village.
Heart of Darkness
(extract) is a powerful indictment of the evils of imperialism. It
reflects the savage repressions carried out in the Congo by the Belgians in
one of the largest acts of genocide committed up to that time. Conrad's
narrator encounters at the end of the story a man named Kurtz, dying,
insane, and guilty of unspeakable atrocities.
Slavery For extensive links to the European involvement
in the Slave Trade from Africa go to the young casahistoria
Indochina go to the
casahistoria site for links to French involvement in Indo China:
origins and collapse.
The Western Intrusion Vast wealth of documents from the
Internet Indian History
- Two articles from Vinay Lal's Manas
Mesopotamia/Iraq Go to the casahistoria site.
19th c: Ottoman collapse; Living under the British Mandate, 1918-32
Go to the
casahistoria site. Sections on: Living under the Mandate; The British in Palestine;
The End of the Mandate; Zionism; Jewish immigration; Land
Question; Zionist resistance to British & growing violence;
Failure of the Mandate; Documents & Key Resources
for updates and current topic news
||As is clear here it was conditions in
the Belgian Congo (and Conrad's Heart of Darkness
that acted as the catalyst for the 19th and early 20th
Edmund Dene Morel Good basic bio from Spartacus Educational
Casement Bio of Casement, a member of the British Diplomatic
Service wrote the first critical report on Congo conditions and
worked closely with Morel to found the Congo Reform Association
William Sheppard - "Black Livingstone" Blazed Trail in Dark
Congo of 1800s Full National Geographic 2002 article on his
work in Africa. By D.L. Parsell
William Sheppard bio of the "Black Livingstone" who
gained national and international fame after he exposed the
violent practices of Belgian rubber companies as they
manipulated the political relationships among Congolese
tribes in order to profit from slave labour. From Encycl. of
'Black-White' Missionary on the Imperial Stage Very
detailed & annotated account of Sheppard (with
illustrations) by John G. Turner Univ of South Alabama
William Sheppard: Jewel of the Kingdom Article on the
work of the Black presbyterian missionary in the Congo who
wrote about the grim conditions in the Belgian colony.
Sheppard's charges were widely circulated, contributing to a
scandal of international proportions. Both the American and
the British governments became involved.
Leopold, Emperor of the Congo 1903, a biographical sketch by
a British supporter of the Congo reform movement. From
WT Stead Resource
Mark Twain: King Leopold's Soliloquy The complete text and
illustrations of his pamphlet condemning King Leopold's brutal
rule of the Congo, published by the American Congo Reform
Association in September 1905.
Congo Free State Horrors Mark Twain interview with
Boston newspapers, 1905. Scroll down the page to the section.
What I Am Thankful For Mark Twain New York World (1905)
interview about his lifestyle and his campaign against King
Leopold's rule of the Congo. Includes his brief Thanksgiving
statement about King Leopold and the Congo.
Twain Calls Leopold Slayer of 15,000,000 By Mark Twain,
New York World (1905), an excerpt from an interview.
Booker T. Washington:
Cruelty in the Congo Country, 1904, his first published
statement (an article in Outlook) about King Leopold's rule of
the Congo. Also avaialble complete on this site as a pdf.
George Washington Williams Black American historian,
clergyman, politician, lawyer, lecturer, and soldier who was the
first person to write an objective and scientifically researched
history of black people in the United States. A visit to the
Congo in 1890 shocked him into an appreciation of Leopold's
brutal exploitation of the people of the Congo, and Williams
spent the short remainder of his life publicizing the outrages
that were being perpetrated there.
This is a brief bio.
Women's Anti-Imperialism, 'The White Man's Burden,' and the
Philippine-American War. Detailed and useful article
examines the US female opposition to imperialism from within the
US suffrage movement before World War 1. Good image support. By
Erin L. Murphy, Asia-Pacific Journal.
the casahistoria imperialism core sites:
USA & Japan,
for updates and current topic news