Shoa.de Excellent survey (in German) of life in the Third Reich
KDF (Kraft durch Freude: Strength through
Kraft durch Freude
through Joy in googled English) Excellent detail from the
German Shoa site
Kraft durch Freude - Swastikas by the Seaside Peter Monteath
(Senior Lecturer in European Studies at the University of
Adelaide, Australia), discusses the origins and fate of a huge
Nazi holiday camp at Prora planned to invigorate the German
workforce by means of `Strength through Joy'.
The "KdF seaside resort" in Prora Official English site of
the Prora Documentation centre. Useful background & images. The
German pages have more depth in the
Dauerausstellung (Permanent) section
Seebad Prora (Click
here for Google English version). Detailed account of Prora well illustrated
with original and present images. Can be googled into English.
der Zwanzigtausend Prora, (Seaside
resort of 20,000 in google English) Clear, concise &
illustrated account by Bernd Kleinhans
cruise liner Robert Ley. Outline history of the KDF
cruiseship named after the minister behind KDF
Lazarettschiff D (Wilhelm Gustloff) By Jason Pipes. A well
set out, and designed timeline of the KDF ship eventually used
as a hospital ship, then sunk off the east Prussian coast with a
loss over 9,000 on board in 1945 by a Soviet submarine. For
details of the sinking see
to the Wilhelm Gustloff by same author. For the current
diving story see
Frozen Tears 'The Story of the Wilhelm Gustloff by the
Naked Nazis Spiegel item on one of the books to make it past
the nazi censor - an unabashed collection of nudist photography.
It was a celebration of the Aryan body. Illustrated.....
Hashude: an experiment in Nazi 'asocial' policy. (controlled
housing units for those considered marginal or eugenically
inferior to the pure German model) Dr Lisa Pine article in
History Today July, 1995). For more on the Eugenics programme
see the casahistoria page,
Women in Totalitarian Regimes). §
Youth at War
- School textbook extracts from the German Propaganda
Biology textbook extract, 5th grade biology textbook for
girls, published in the midst of the war,
middle school geography textbook, 1943.
Nazism in the classroom Concise, but useful article by Dr
Lisa Pine from a History Today mini series on Nazi society.
in the Third Reich by Henry Metelmann. Article in New
Perspective March (1998).The writer, brought to Britain as a
prisoner of war in 1946, was 11 years old when Hitler became
Chancellor. He outlines his father's reaction to Nazism and his
own attitudes and involvement in the Hitler Youth. Early call up
followed by service in occupied France and South Russia ended at
the battle of Stalingrad, in defeat and capture.
The Nazi's & the
- From the Hamburg
Seniorennet, memories of Hamburg citizens today of the Nazi
period. All translated into English. (Remember the possible
limitations of memoirs written long after an event.)
Role of the Churches: Compliance and Confrontation Article
by By Victoria J. Barnett who argues that Churches throughout
Europe were mostly silent while Jews were persecuted, deported
and murdered by the Nazis. Churches, especially those
in Nazi Germany, sought to act, as institutions tend to do, in
their own best interests -- narrowly defined, short-sighted
interests. This article originally appeared in Dimensions, Vol
12, No 2, 1998
- Hitler and
Christianity by Edward Bartlett-Jones who looks at Hitler's
The Reich Concordat with the Catholic Church (1933)
Translation of the document
from the German Historical
The Vatican Concordat With Hitler's Reich The Concordat of
1933 was ambiguous in its day and remains so. By Robert A. Krieg
professor of theology at the University of Notre Dame. Clear,
well written article.
for updates and current topic news
Text of the Wannsee Protocol This site has the minutes of
the meeting between Nazi officials on January 20, 1942 where
they discussed the process of the Final Solution.
World War II and Holocaust Photographs from the Simon Wiesenthal
Center An alphabetical listing of the photograph categories
available from the Simon Wiesenthal Center's online
Holocaust Glossary Are you confused about some of the terms
relating to the Holocaust? Since the Holocaust vocabulary was
formulated from many different languages, understanding these
terms can be difficult. Here's a glossary to help you.
- Holocaust Memorial
Museum New York This lavish site provides a mass
of information as well as temporary web "exhibitions". The
downside is the time many pages take to load......
Vast site of resources including witness accounts and:
Hitler's European Holocaust Helpers 2009 article from Der
Spiegel describes the collusion of other European countries in
the Holocaust which has received surprisingly little attention
Lodz Ghetto Throughout Europe, Jews were crowded into
ghettos before being systematically murdered in the death camps.
Follow the history of the ghetto in Lodz, Poland.
Galicia Jewish Museum Site of the Krakow museum which exists
to commemorate the victims of the Holocaust & to celebrate the
Jewish culture of Galicia.
Frank House Well presented and illustrated (eg 3D tour of
the annex where she hid)account of her life and Jewish
persecution. Choose your language
(click on top right of the opened page)
for other then
Josef Mengele site with a focus on his victims and life. §
Nazi Gold, Jewish Accounts, and Swiss Banks For several
months, the controversy over Switzerland's role in World War II
has raged in the media, among people, and between nations.
Leisure Photos of Camp Guards Shock Germans Article from
Spiegel on 2007 release of photos of SS officers sitting in
canvas chairs, participating in sing-alongs and enjoying their
free time at a recreation home near Auschwitz.
- Klemperer diaries. Three sites of interest:
Extracts from the Klemperer diaries
Surviving the Firestorm English language article with
extracts and facsimiles outlining the survival of the
diaries. From Der Spiegel
The Diaries of Victor Klemperer: discussion
by Susie Ehrmann, Jewish Holocaust Museum and Research
Centre, Melbourne Australia. She explores two key questions.
Firstly, she asks why did many German Jews hesitate for so
long, too long, before leaving? They had the luxury of six
years, from 1933 to 1939 and even up to 1941, before all
doors closed. Why did approximately one-third wait and
perish? Secondly, she uses Klemperer's observations to
assess Goldhagen’s thesis that German civilian society was
deeply, and uniformly, and virulently anti-Semitic
throughout the 1930’s. §
Frank (1929-1945) A young girl who hid from the Nazis
during the Holocaust, Anne Frank has touched many who have read
her famous diary. This is a page with links to many Anne Frank
Frank Channel See the only existing film footage of Anne
Frank, made during the wedding of her neighbour on 22 July 1941.
Anne Frank is seen briefly leaning out of the upstairs window of
her house in Amsterdam to get a good look at the bride and
groom. It is the only time Anne Frank has ever been captured on
Personal histories from New York Holocaust Museum. Well set
out in a theme wall
Project of witness accounts of World War II. This worthwhile
Project includes the recalled stories of those who were children
then from all over Europe during the war. Brief and personal
(and available in several languages) they offer a unique insight
into the time, but remember the possible limitations of memoirs
written long after an event.
- Auschwitz survivors, 60 Years on. Witness accounts
from the Guardian Review of (Jewish & non Jewish) survivors
today (Jan 2005). Puts a real human dimension and context to the
history. Click for each account:
Maria and Alec Ossowski Polish resistance fighters tell
Trude Levi Story of a Hungarian Jew.
Leon Greenman The first thing you notice about Leon
Greenman's large but shabby terraced house in Ilford is that
it has mesh shutters. He had them put up 10 years ago, soon
after the National Front threw bricks through the
Barbara Stimler now lives in an immaculate bungalow in
Stanmore, north London. "All my life I wanted to have a nice
home," she says, "because I lost my home when I was 12 years
Anita Lasker Wallfisch is a cellist. Music is her life;
music also saved her life: she played in the women's
orchestra in Auschwitz.
Mayer Hersh a Polish Jew, is 78. After the war, he
settled in Manchester and worked as a tailor, a high-class
Among Hitler's Executioners on the Eastern Front
interview with Annette Schücking-Homeyer who, as a
young woman, served as a Red Cross volunteer on the Eastern
Front in Ukraine. In the lengthy 2009 Spiegel interview, the
retired judge discusses the horrors committed against the Jews
in the Ukraine, and explores the important questions of how
everyone knew about them and why, even after the war, most
people just wanted to forget.
for updates and current topic news
the casahistoria Hitler's Germany core sites:
Hitler's Rise to Power &
Collapse of Weimar
Hitler Home Page & Structure of the Hitler State
Living in the Nazi State
Women & Family in
The End of the Reich
for updates and current topic news